1- Gather tools to clean your dog. You may not want to start searching for tools when you want to clean your dog, so make sure you have everything you need in one place before you start cleaning. Refer to the “Things You’ll Need” section below to find out what you’ll need to take care of your dog’s cleanliness.
2- Comb the dog’s hair first. Combing your dog’s fur daily or every other day can get rid of most dirt. Good combing should be the first step of the cleaning process because dirt becomes steady when wet. Start from the neck and move towards the lower body. Be careful when reaching the lower abdomen because this area is sensitive, and don’t forget to comb the tail as well.
You can comb short-haired dogs with simple tools such as a brush or gloves.
Use more specialized tools for dogs with long hair, such as using a flat surface brush, iron toothbrush or a special metal tool to clean the skin.
Regardless of the tool you will use, the tool should get rid of excess hair and distribute the oils that are excreted from the skin to the dog’s entire hair.
3- Praise your dog while combing his hair. Encourage your dog’s calm behavior and obedience to motivate him to continue doing so. You can also occasionally offer some food as a reward for your dog.
4- Leave breaks as needed. What you don’t want is a dog fatigue, as the association of this process with a negative feeling will make it difficult to take care of the dog’s hygiene in the future. Make the process enjoyable by giving the dog some breaks every now and then, praising him, offering rewards, and even playing with him a little.
This is especially important in the case of young puppies to train them at a young age to withstand the process well.
5- Cut the bristles where dirt is attached if you can’t comb it. Static dirt attracts the dog’s hair as it moves, making dog movement difficult and painful. If you can’t comb the dirt to remove it, you’ll need to cut or shave the hair depending on how close the dirt is to the skin. Be very careful about using scissors to avoid hurting yourself and your dog.
If you think you can’t get rid of dirt without hurting your dog, take a professional to do the job.
Dirt can sometimes get so close to the skin that a bacterial infection develops beneath it. If you suspect an infection, take your dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
The apparent visual symptoms of bacterial infection are redness and moisture with pus secretion in severe cases. Your dog may bite or scratch the affected area as it feels itchy.
6- Give the dog eyesight. Dogs with white hair or dogs with wide eyes need more attention in this regard than others. Depending on the type of dog, this process can be as simple as wiping the eye or removing deposits from the sides of the eyes. Pomeranian dogs may need special attention to ensure that the sediment is removed from the dog’s fur and that tears are removed. You can buy tear-free products in white-fur dogs at the pet supply store.
Healthy eyes are clear and show no signs of allergies or secretions.
Do not try to cut the hair of the eyes yourself as you may hurt the dog and ask your veterinarian or specialist to do so.
7- Clean the dog’s ears. It is normal to have some wax in the healthy ear, but should not show any smell from them. To clean your dog’s ears, use a little ear-cleaning solution (which can be purchased at the pet supply store) after placing it on a cotton ball. Wipe off dirt and wax from the inner ear, but do not use excessive force as this may result in ulcers. Do not insert the cotton swab deep into your dog’s ear either.
Keep the ear cleaning solution at body temperature before placing it in the dog’s ear. Place the solution in water at body temperature as you would with a baby feeding bottle.
After wiping your dog’s ear with a damp cotton or cloth, dry it gently with a dry cotton or cloth.
Praise your dog. The ear is a sensitive part of your body, and your dog may need some rest and encouragement.
8- Contact your veterinarian to resolve ears problems. Your dog needs medical attention if his ear is swollen, red, sensitive, dark, or black on its side. You should also see your veterinarian immediately if any discharge or ulcers appear in the ear.
Excessive secretion, inflammation and odor are indications of an ear infection that needs treatment.
9- Brush your dog’s teeth. Brushing your dog’s teeth every day with dog toothpaste is the best way to keep your teeth and gums healthy. Use dog toothpaste so you don’t poison the dog with fluoride. If you think your dog will bite you when you brush your teeth, don’t try to brush your dog’s teeth yourself. If your dog feels uncomfortable at any stage of cleaning, give him some time to rest.
Start by placing a small amount of dog toothpaste on your finger and spread it on the teeth for a few seconds. Then reward your dog for collaborating with you.
After your dog allows you to use your finger to apply the paste for 20-30 seconds, you can switch to using gauze or a toothbrush that sticks to your fingers. Go gradually to using a dog toothbrush.
Gradually brush your dog’s teeth to be a happy experience for him and not to feel nervous.